ISSN 2686 - 9675 (Print)
ISSN 2782 - 1935 (Online)

Marxist discourse of the modern Chinese political leadership

Abstract. In this article, the author considers the modern political and ideological trend of the fifth generation of Chinese leaders led by Xi Jinping (2012/2013 - to the present), which reanimating the leading role of Marxism, provided that it is modernized and sinicization.

The study was based on a system analysis of the most important strategic speeches of the Chinese leader at the most important political events.

The ultimate goal in the person of eliminating capitalism and achieving communism remains the unchanged goal of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) when adjusting the course for a fairly long preservation of the political economic model of socially oriented state-monopoly capitalism («socialism with Chinese characteristics) for the period of industrial and post-industrial modernization of the economy and society China, which goes from the «export model» to the «internal consumption» and «external expansion» model. This requires not only the conservation of an ideological superstructure, but also its relevant and constructive development.

More than 40 years of «policies of reforms and openness» brought the country economic modernization, victory over poverty and geostrategic power, but also socio-political and socio-economic problems of creeping the restoration of capitalism, Bourgeois transforming the party, Bourgeois transforming society and a possible reaction towards open imperialism under nationalist slogans. This trend is displayed in sociological research and fears of the country's top leadership.

Summing up the study of the new stage of the great historical experiment, according to the combination of the Soviet political regime with the modern mixed economy, only one thing can be confidently stated-how successfully it will be or not will show only socio-historical practice: the future of the socio-political and socio-economic system of China.

Keywords: Chinese People’s Republic, the Communist Party of China, politics, economics, Marxism, Xi Jinping

For citation: Zhilkibaev S.N. Marxist discourse of the modern Chinese political leadership. Modern oriental studies. 2023; Volume 5 (1). (In Russ.)

1 — 2023
Sanat. N. Zhilkibaev, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow